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Microgreens Best Practices: Expert Insights and Tips Part 1

Welcome to our thrilling blog series where we embark on an adventure into the fascinating world of microgreens and quench your curiosity with answers to burning questions. In this episode, we're about to unlock the secrets of hydroponic vs. soil-based growth, unravel the mystery of pesky stuck seeds, navigate the eco-friendly realm of sustainable packaging, discover the art of microgreen drying, and unveil the pivotal moment when it's time to scale your microgreens business. So, hold onto your gardening gloves – we're diving deep into the captivating realm of microgreens!

Hydroponic vs. Soil-Based Microgreens: The Green Battle Begins Our journey starts with a question from Jeff, who wonders whether hydroponic or soil-based microgreen cultivation reigns supreme. While hydroponics may have its allure, we generally lean toward soil-based cultivation for several compelling reasons:

1. Lower Yields: Hydroponic microgreens often yield less than their soil-grown counterparts.

2. Growth Challenges: Hydroponic systems can be complex, leading to potential crop growth hurdles.

3. Shelf Life: Microgreens grown in soil enjoy a longer shelf life, thanks to the magical synergy between plants and soil, a synergy hard to replicate in hydroponics.

From our experience, soil-grown microgreens consistently outshine their hydroponic counterparts in terms of quality, yield, and shelf life. So, if soil is an option, it's usually the wiser choice.

Defeating Seed Sticking Woes During Germination: Next, we tackle a common issue raised by John – those stubborn seeds sticking to the bottom of trays during germination. Fear not, for we have a neat solution: vermiculite! This fine volcanic rock, sprinkled atop your seeds, works wonders in preventing them from forming a sticky bond with the tray's bottom. As a bonus, using vermiculite can significantly reduce mold-related problems. It's a win-win solution for smoother germination.

Reusable Tupperwares vs. Plastic Containers: The Eco-Packaging Dilemma: Samuel brings forth a sustainability-focused question, pondering the feasibility of using reusable containers, such as Tupperware, for packaging microgreens. While the eco-friendly notion is admirable, the logistics of collecting, cleaning, and redistributing reusable containers can be quite a challenge to scale. At present, opting for plastic containers crafted from pre-recycled materials strikes a balance between sustainability and operational efficiency.

Indoor vs. Outdoor Microgreens Farming: Where Does the Magic Happen? William is curious about the possibilities of growing microgreens outdoors or in a garage. The answer lies in your local climate. While outdoor growth offers the advantage of natural sunlight, it's restricted by seasonal availability. On the flip side, indoor cultivation provides year-round consistency and grants you full control over growing conditions. Should you venture into the garage realm, be prepared to implement climate control measures, such as heaters or humidifiers, to create the ideal microgreens environment.

Mastering the Art of Microgreen Drying: Ben seeks guidance on the most effective method for drying microgreens before packaging. The secret sauce here is the use of an oscillating fan for approximately a day before harvesting. This clever approach ensures that the canopy of your crop is thoroughly dry, reducing post-harvest moisture-related issues. Not only does this improve the quality of your microgreens, but it also streamlines the harvesting process, enhancing overall efficiency.

When to Hire Staff for Your Microgreens Business: Scaling with Wisdom Finally, Sarah raises a pivotal question about the opportune moment to expand her microgreens business and bring in additional staff. The key here is forward planning. When you reach a point where your capacity is maxed out and your hourly rate surpasses the market rate for labor, it's a clear sign that it's time to consider hiring help. Don't wait until you're overwhelmed; early staff augmentation can free up your time, enabling you to focus on growing your business strategically.

Unveiling Micro Basil's Secrets: A Journey to Perfection: Chris has set the stage with a sizzling question about the art of growing micro basil. Brace yourselves, for we're about to embark on a thrilling quest into the world of this tiny herb, which, despite its size, packs a punch of flavor and rewards those who dare to cultivate it.

Micro basil, like any good adventure, can be a bit challenging at first, but trust us, the rewards are worth every effort. The key to unlocking its full potential? Temperature control!

You see, basil is unlike most microgreens; it thrives in warm temperatures, with an optimal growth temperature of around 87°F (30°C). While achieving such tropical conditions might not be practical for all, don't fret! A slight increase in temperature from the usual room temperature (around 76-78°F) can work wonders. This subtle adjustment can significantly boost growth speed and yield, bringing your micro basil to life.

But wait, the journey doesn't end there. Proper drying of basil before packaging is essential for extending its shelf life. Basil can be a bit finicky; it rots quickly if packed while still damp. To avoid this peril, ensure your basil is thoroughly dry before packaging. You can accomplish this with the help of a trusty fan or a careful hand after harvesting.

Now, let's talk humidity. Basil isn't too picky in this regard. Levels between 35% and 65% should suffice to keep your basil happy and thriving. Remember these temperature and humidity tips, and soon enough, you'll be cultivating vibrant micro basil that bursts with flavor in every bite.

Investing in Efficiency: The Farm's Capital Game-Changers: Rob, with his eye on operational efficiency, brings us to the next stage of our journey. What are the top capital investments that can propel your microgreens farm to new heights? Let's explore three game-changers:

1. Quick Cut Greens Harvester: This nifty tool is a must-have for any aspiring microgreens farmer. It takes the hassle out of harvesting, streamlining the process, and drastically increasing efficiency. Despite its modest cost, it can make a significant impact on your farm's success.

2.Microgreen Seeding Machine: While they might be a bit challenging to find, these machines are well worth the hunt. They promise consistent seeding and precise control over the amount of seed per tray. The result? Better crop quality, improved disease management, and increased yields.

3. Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs): Don't underestimate the power of organized processes. Creating SOPs and guides for your farm operations might not seem like a substantial investment, but it can revolutionize your efficiency. SOPs help streamline training for new staff and ensure consistent processes across your farm.

Investing in these tools can set you on a path to operational excellence, making your microgreens farm a well-oiled machine.

Grants: The Hidden Treasures of Farming: William's inquiry leads us to the topic of grants for small farms in Canada and the US. These grants are the hidden treasures of the farming world, providing financial support for various farm-related projects. Let's explore your treasure map:

In Canada: The Canadian Agricultural Partnership (CAP) is a federal-provincial program offering grants for a range of projects, from marketing to automation equipment. Keep a keen eye on the availability of these grants, as they are time-sensitive. Don't forget to subscribe to newsletters from provincial grant distributors for timely updates on these golden opportunities.

In the US: The land of opportunity doesn't disappoint in terms of grants for farmers. Federal, state, and local programs offer numerous options. Look to the USDA for federal grants, and tap into the wealth of information provided by state agricultural departments for statewide opportunities. Grants can fund a wide array of projects, from equipment purchases to sustainability initiatives. Dive into these resources to fuel your farm's growth.

Exploring Microgreen Blends: A Flavorful Adventure: Tony's curiosity takes us on a flavorful adventure through the world of microgreen blends for retail and restaurant markets. These blends are the canvas for culinary creativity, and here's what you need to know:

In Retail Markets: Customers in retail settings often gravitate toward familiar and versatile microgreens like broccoli, pea shoots, sunflower shoots, and various mixed blends. These microgreens aren't just visually appealing; they're packed with flavor and nutrition, making them popular choices.

In Restaurant Markets: The culinary world seeks the extraordinary. Chefs in the restaurant industry are known to explore unique and diverse microgreens to elevate their dishes. While classics like pea shoots and sunflower shoots remain popular, chefs are increasingly venturing into the world of exotic microgreens to craft memorable culinary experiences.

A Blend for Every Market: In retail, familiarity and versatility are king, while in food service, it's all about elevating the culinary experience. As your microgreens venture grows, consider blending both worlds. Start with retail favorites and gradually introduce the bold flavors of food service microgreens, creating a well-rounded offering for your market.

Soil Reconditioning: A Sustainable Path: Andy's inquiry brings us to the topic of reusing microgreens soil. It's a sustainable path that deserves consideration, but it comes with its own set of challenges. Here's what you need to know:

Space Constraints: Soil reconditioning requires ample space, which may not be readily available in urban settings where space is a premium. Consider your location and space availability before diving into soil recycling.

Dormant Seeds: Be wary of dormant seeds. Some may not germinate immediately but could lie in wait, potentially leading to unwanted weeds in your trays. Vigilance is key when reusing soil.

Disease Management: While composting can eliminate most pathogens, it might not eradicate all disease spores. Keep this in mind to prevent disease issues in your crops.

If you have the space and determination, recycling microgreens soil can be a sustainable and cost-effective solution. It can find new life in garden beds or contribute to composting efforts. In urban areas, companies may offer soil pickup and composting services, providing a practical solution.

Organic Certification: The Badge of Trust: George's question revolves around the coveted badge of trust – organic certification for microgreens. Here's the scoop:

Starting out, you don't necessarily need organic certification, especially if you're selling directly to consumers. Instead, promote your microgreens as grown organically, highlighting your use of organic seeds and soil.

Organic certification becomes more relevant when you plan to sell in larger quantities through third-party retailers or if your customers specifically demand certified organic products. It involves paperwork, proof of organic practices, and adherence to specific regulations. Be prepared for the process, which can take three to six months.

Microgreens farms hold an advantage in this realm. You can apply for organic certification right away since there's no outdoor soil involved. However, you'll need to demonstrate your commitment to avoiding synthetic inputs, and your choice of soil medium must align with organic standards.

Remember that while organic certification can be a valuable asset as your farm grows and enters new markets, it's not a necessity when you're just starting out. Promoting your commitment to organic practices can be equally effective in attracting customers who value quality and sustainability.

With this, we conclude our epic journey through the microgreens universe. Each question has been a stepping stone, guiding us closer to the mastery of microgreens. Stay tuned for more adventures and discoveries on this incredible path of growth and flavor!


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